This day in history: Feb 1 and the Vietnam War

This method was determined to be a “more fair and equitable process” of selecting eligible candidates for service. Local draft boards, who determined eligibility and filled previous quotas for induction, had been criticized for selecting poor or minority classes over-educated or affluent candidates. When the lottery took effect, men were assigned a number between 1 and 366. (365 days per year plus one to account for leap year birthdays.) In 1969, a September 14birthday was assigned a number 001. Group 001 birthdays would be the first group to be called upon.
In the late 1960s, President Nixon established a commission to recommend the best way to raise military manpower, to keep the draft or to institute a volunteer army. After much debate within the Nixon administration and in Congress, it was decided that an all-volunteer force was feasible, was affordable, and would enhance the nation’s security. According to the Department of Defense in 2003, an all-volunteer force is and would have been more cost-efficient. The lottery numbers assigned in December 1969 were used during calendar year 1970 both to call for induction and to call for physical examination, a preliminary call covering more men.
With respect to positive effects of draft eligibility on educational attainment , we can only speculate in light of other literature. It is entirely possible that those deployed suffered from negative long-term health consequences that were not adequately compensated by the health benefits of increased educational opportunity . While past work suggests that the effects of military service may be both a fruitful and policy-relevant line of inquiry, nearly all studies of veterans, regardless of wartime period, have been plagued by the problem of selection bias. The randomly assigned risk of induction generated by the draft lottery is used to construct estimates of the effect of veteran status on civilian earnings.
In this case, the last two numbers — 91 — are the winning ones for the November 10 draw of the Tien Giang provincial government’s lottery. Because we’ve been buying tickets for more than five years and this is only the second time he’s ever gasped. And the first time was a false alarm; he was looking at the wrong set of numbers. My favourite ticket seller is a beautiful girl called Tam, a name that means “heart”. Cerebral palsy has trapped Tam in a body that doesn’t work properly and she is pushed up and down Snail Street by her dad, who sells the tickets. Tam has the loveliest smile on Snail Street and Darling Man always buys some tickets from Tam and her Dad.
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There were also infiltrators in movements like the Black Power movement in which Malcolm X had been a prominent figure. He had been assassinated himself only a few years earlier. These researchers carry the torch of Hearst et al. by recognizing that natural experiments afford unique opportunities to understand salient public health issues. In the years since that original study, other research used the lottery design to address basic questions that help illuminate the constituent elements of deaths of despair. Other research used the lottery design to understand drug use, violence, and employment—outcomes linked with deaths of despair.
Max 4D is similar to Max 3D in terms of format, but utilizes a slightly different prize structure and gives players just six opportunities, rather than 20, to win. On June 2, an official picked two envelopes, thus one calendar and one raw permutation. The 365 birthdates were written down, placed in capsules, and put in a drum in the order dictated by the selected calendar. Similarly, the numbers from 1 to 365 were written down and placed into capsules in the order dictated by the raw permutation. The last draft call was on December 7, 1972, and the authority to induct expired on June 30, 1973. The date of the last drawing for the lottery was on March 12, 1975.
This dataset contains restricted files you may not compute on because you have not been granted access. Share this dataset on your favorite social media networks. Our Community Norms as well as good scientific practices expect that proper credit is given via citation. A gripping debut novel of female power and vulnerability, race, and class set in a small Mississippi town in the early 1980s.
The 90-minute event—broadcast live from Washington, D.C., starting at 5 p.m. Pacific—was already underway by the time Donart returned from class and squeezed into the game room of the Alpha Sigma Phi house, where his fellow fraternity brothers sat transfixed in silence. Lottery representatives were pulling blue plastic capsules from a glass container, each opened to reveal a fateful month and day. Men aged 19 to 26 would be called up in the order in which their birthdates were selected. A high draft number got you off the hook; a low number might send you to Vietnam, where Americans had been fighting—and dying—in large numbers for the better part of the decade. In constructing this record, the author has done an excellent job of drawing on an impressive variety of sources, including government documents, contemporaneous news reports, and scholarly analyses from several social science disciplines.
According to Roger Mudd, four or five of the youth delegates refused to pick numbers on the grounds they were being used by the Nixon administration to give a false appearance of approval by American youth. The draft lottery had social and economic consequences because it generated further resistance to military service. Those who resisted were generally young, well-educated, healthy men. Reluctance to serve in Vietnam led many young men to try to join the National Guard, aware that the National Guard would be unlikely to send soldiers to Vietnam.
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The capsules were drawn by hand, opened one by one and then assigned to a sequence number started from 001 until 366. The first date drawn was September 14, followed by April 24, which was assigned to “001” and “002” respectively. The drawing process continued until each day of the year was assigned to a lottery number.